Aviation in India


Indian Aviation Industry has emerged as one of the fastest-growing aviation industries in the world during the last three years. India has turned into the third-largest domestic aviation market in the world and is relied upon to surpass the UK to turn into the third-largest air passenger market by 2024. Further, India is now the fastest-growing domestic aviation market in the world and air connectivity in the country recorded the highest pace of 114 per cent globally between 2013-18.


In FY19, India’s passenger traffic grew at 11.64 per cent year-on-year to reach 344.70 million from 308.75 million in FY18. It grew at a CAGR of 12.64 per cent during FY06-FY19. Out of the total passenger traffic, domestic passenger traffic stood at 275.22 million and is expected to become 293.28 million in FY20, while international traffic stood at 69.48 million and traffic is expected to become 76 million in FY20. Domestic passenger traffic expanded at a CAGR of 13.85 per cent over FY06–19. International passenger traffic expanded at a CAGR of 9.11 per cent over FY06-19.

To take into account the rising air traffic, the Government of India has been moving in the direction of expanding the number of airports. As of March 2019, India has 103 operational air terminals. India has visualized expanding the number of operational air terminals to 190-200 by FY40. By 2036, India is anticipated to have 480 million flyers, which will be more than that of Japan (under 225 million) and Germany (just over 200 million) consolidated.

Further, the rising interest in the part has pushed the number of planes working in the area. Starting in July 2018, there were almost 620 aircraft being worked by planned airline operators in India. The quantity of planes is relied upon to develop to 1,100 planes by 2027. India’s domestic and international aircraft movements grew 7.93 per cent year-on-year and 6.36 per cent year-on-year to 2,153 thousand and 453.61 thousand during 2018-19, respectively.

Contribution of travel and tourism to India’s GDP increased to US$ 247.30 billion in 2018 from US$ 234.03 billion in 2017. The contribution is further forecasted to increase to US$ 492.21 billion by 2028. 

During FY06-FY19, Freight traffic grew at a CAGR of 7.44 per cent from 1.40 million tonnes to 3.56 million tonnes. Freight traffic on air terminals in India can possibly arrive at 17 million tonnes by FY40. Development in import and export in India will be the key driver for development in freight traffic as 30 per cent of absolute exchange is embraced by means of aviation routes. During FY06-19, domestic freight traffic expanded at a CAGR of 8.27 per cent, while international freight traffic grew at a CAGR of 6.94 per cent during the similar period. In FY19, domestic freight traffic remained at 1,359.99 tonnes, while international freight traffic was at 2,200.03 tonnes.

Major Airlines operating in India are Spice Jet (market share of 13.1%, passenger load traffic of 93.7%); Go Air (market share of 10.8%, passenger load traffic of 90.8%); Jet Lite (market share of 0.8%, passenger load traffic of 76.3%); Air India (market share of 13.9%, passenger load traffic of 81.2%); & Indigo (market share of 49.9%, passenger load traffic of 87.8%).

 Major Airports in India are Delhi, Mumbai, Bengaluru, Kolkata, Hyderabad, & Chennai with the total passenger traffic handled in FY19 is 69.23 million, 48.82 million, 33.31 million, 21.88 million, 21.40 million, & 22.54 million respectively. Demand and Capacity in India’s civil aviation sector have shown robust growth. Capacity (Available Seat Kilometer) available on domestic flights has increased to 155,033.4 million km in FY19. Correspondingly, demand (Revenue Passenger Kilometer) for domestic services has grown rapidly to 136,631.4 million km in FY19. Capacity (Available Seat Kilometer) available on international flights has increased to 126,054.2 million km in FY19. Correspondingly, demand (Revenue Passenger Kilometer) for international services has grown rapidly to 111,620.4 million km in FY19. Growth in demand has consistently outpaced the growth in supply resulting in high utilisation (Passenger Load Factor). As of March 2018, India had the highest utilisation (Passenger Load Factor) among the top seven aviation markets in the world. 

Aircraft movement developed at a CAGR of 5.91% from 1.31 million in FY07 to 2.61 million during FY19. During FY07-19, domestic aircraft movement expanded at a CAGR of 7.93%, while international aircraft movement extended at 6.36% CAGR over a similar period. India's residential and worldwide aircraft developments became 14.14% year-on-year and 3.36% year-on-year to 2,153 thousand and 453.61 thousand during 2018-19, separately. During Apr 2018-Mar 2019, domestic aircraft movement remained at 2.15 million while international aircraft movement remained at 0.45 million.

Until 2013, AAI was the main significant player engaged with creating and overhauling air terminals in India post advancement, private division investment in the part has been expanding legislature of India has given 'in-principle' endorsement to 19 air terminals out of which 7 will be created on a PPP premise with speculation of Rs 27,000 crore (US$ 41.89 billion). Some of the major Private sector players are GMR (Development of Hyderabad International Airport; modernisation of Delhi International Airport), GVK (Modernisation of Mumbai International Airport), Siemens (Development of Bengaluru International Airport), L&T (Development of Bengaluru International Airport), Unique (Development of Bengaluru International Airport), & Maytas Infra (Development of Simoga and Gulbarga airports in Karnataka).


As indicated by information discharged by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), FDI inflows in India's air transport segment (counting airship cargo) came to US$ 1,817.23 million between April 2000 and December 2018. The legislature has 100 per cent FDI under programmed course in booked air transport administration, territorial air transport administration and local planned traveller aircraft. In any case, FDI more than 49 per cent would require government endorsement. 

India's aviation industry is relied upon to observe Rs 35,000 crore (US$ 4.99 billion) interest in the following four years. The Indian government is wanting to contribute US$ 1.83 billion for improvement of air terminal foundation alongside avionics route benefits by 2026. 

Key ventures and improvements in India's flying industry include: 

(1)AAI will contribute Rs 15,000 crore (US$ 2.32 billion) in 2018-19 for extending existing terminals and developing 15 new ones. 

(2)In June 2018, India has consented to an open sky arrangement with Australia enabling carriers on either side to offer boundless seats to six Indian metro urban areas and different Australian urban communities. 

(3)The AAI plans to create Guwahati as a between the provincial centre and Agartala, Imphal and Dibrugarh as intra-territorial centre points. 

(4)Indian airship Manufacture, Repair and Overhaul (MRO) specialist co-ops are excluded totally from traditions and countervailing obligations.

Government Initiatives 

Some significant activities embraced by the government are: 

•In February 2019, the Government of India authorized the advancement of another greenfield air terminal in Hirasar, Gujarat, with expected speculation of Rs 1,405 crore (US$ 194.73 million). 

•As of January 2019, the Government of India is working on a blueprint to advance residential assembling of aircraft and aircraft financing inside the nation. 

•In January 2019, the Government sorted out the Global Aviation Summit in Mumbai which saw an investment of more than 1,200 representatives from 83 nations. 

•In January 2019, the Government of India's discharged the National Air Cargo Policy Outline 2019 which imagines making Indian air load and co-ordinations the most proficient, consistent and cost and time successful all-around before the finish of the following decade. 

•In November 2018, the Government of India endorsed a proposition to oversee six AAI air terminals under open private association (PPP). These airports are arranged in Ahmedabad, Jaipur, Lucknow, Guwahati, Thiruvananthapuram and Mangaluru. AAI got 32 specialized offers from ten organizations. 

•In February 2018, the Prime Minister of India propelled the development of Navi Mumbai air terminal which is required to be worked at an expense of US$ 2.58 billion. The principal period of the air terminal will be finished by the end of 2019. 

•The Government of Andhra Pradesh is to create Greenfield air terminals in six urban communities Nizamabad, Nellore, Kurnool, Ramagundam, Tadepalligudem and Kothagudem under the PPP model. 

•Regional Connectivity Scheme (RCS) has been propelled.


Following are the accomplishments of the government during FY18: 

•In September 2018, Jharsuguda Airport in Odisha and Pakyong Airport in Sikkim were initiated. Pakyong air terminal is Sikkim's first since forever air terminal and AAI's first Greenfield air terminal development. 

•In December 2018, Kannur International Airport was introduced making Kerala the main state in India to have four global air terminals. 

Road Ahead 

India's aviation industry is to a great extent undiscovered with colossal development openings, taking into account that air transport is as yet costly for the majority of the nation's population, of which about 40 per cent is the upwardly portable working class. 

The business partners ought to draw in and work together with arrangement creators to execute effective and sane choices that would help India's respectful aviation industry. With the correct arrangements and determined spotlight on quality, cost and traveller premium, India would be all-around set to accomplish its vision of turning into the third-biggest aviation market by 2020.


  • Ashekur Rahman

    Posted on September 3, 2012 at 10:18 am

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    • Ashekur Rahman

      Posted on September 3, 2012 at 10:18 am

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  • Ashekur Rahman

    Posted on September 3, 2012 at 10:18 am

    Do sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veni est, qui d tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem.

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