GM Holden Ltd, commonly known as Holden, is an Australian automaker that operates in Australasia and is headquartered in Port Melbourne, Victoria. The company was founded in 1856 as a saddlery manufacturer in South Australia.
The Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to as simply Ford) is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit. It was founded by Henry Ford and incorporated on June 16, 1903.
Toyota Motor Corporation is a Japanese automotive manufacturer which was founded by Kiichiro Toyoda in 1937 as a spinoff from his father's company Toyota Industries, which is currently headquartered in Toyota, Aichi Prefecture, Japan.